Both the Old Testament and the New Testament talk about a God who is interested in human beings and desires to have a relationship with them. However, there are some key differences between the two portrayals of God.
In the Old Testament, God is often portrayed as a wrathful and vengeful being, while in the New Testament, He is shown as a loving and forgiving God. The Old Testament God is also often shown as being distant from humans, while the New Testament God is shown as being close to them.
Additionally, the Old Testament god is mostly concerned with justice, while the New Testament god is mostly concerned with love.
The God of the Old Testament
There is a lot of controversy over whether or not the god of the Old Testament is the same god as the god of the New Testament. Many people argue that the two are different, but there are some similarities that can’t be ignored. Let’s take a closer look.
God as a Warrior
In the Old Testament, God is often portrayed as a warrior who protects and delivers his people. In Exodus 14, God leads the Israelites through the parted waters of the Red Sea, allowing them to escape from their Egyptian pursuers. In Exodus 15, God overthrows Pharaoh and his army in the waters of the Red Sea. And in Judges 6, God sends an angel to deliver Israel from the Midianites.
Of course, not all of God’s Old Testament appearances are as a warrior. In Genesis 18, for example, he appears as a kindly father figure to Abraham and Sarah. But it is clear that, in many passages of the Old Testament, God is presented as a powerful and victorious warrior.
God as a Judge
In the Old Testament, God is often portrayed as a judge who is just and righteous. He is fair to both the Israelites and the Gentiles. For example, in the story of Sodom and Gomorrah, God judges the people of Sodom for their wickedness and saves the people of Gomorrah for their righteousness. In another instance, God judges King Ahab for his evil deeds and rewards Elijah for his faithfulness.
God as a King
God is often portrayed as a king in the Old Testament. He is the ruler of all and is to be obeyed without question. This portrayal of God gives rise to the idea of the divine right of kings, which was later used to justify the actions of rulers like Louis XIV of France and James I of England.
The God of the New Testament
Christians believe that there is one God, who has revealed himself in two ways. In the Old Testament, God revealed himself primarily through his actions, such as creating the world, rescuing his people from slavery, and giving them the Ten Commandments. In the New Testament, God revealed himself primarily through his son, Jesus Christ.
God as a Savior
One of the main functions of the New Testament is to record how Jesus fulfilled the promises made about the Messiah in the Old Testament. In that way, it could be said that Jesus is the fulfillment of the Old Testament.
The Old Testament predicted that the Messiah would be a savior (Isaiah 52:13-53:12; Psalm 22; Hosea 13:14). The New Testament reveals that Jesus is the promised savior (Matthew 1:21; Luke 2:11; Revelation 5:9-10).
The Old Testament predicted that the Messiah would suffer and die for our sins (Isaiah 53:3-12). The New Testament reveals that Jesus died for our sins (Matthew 27:35; 1 Corinthians 15:3; Hebrews 9:28).
The Old Testament predicted that the Messiah would rise from the dead (Psalm 16:8-11; Isaiah 53:10-12). The New Testament reveals that Jesus rose from the dead (Matthew 28:1-20; Luke 24; John 20-21).
God as a Friend
In the New Testament, we see God as a friend. He is someone that we can go to when we need help or when we are struggling. We see this in the book of James, where it says that “if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given to him.” (James 1:5) We also see this in the book of John, where Jesus says “Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends.” (John 15:13)
God as a Spirit
Christians believe that there is only one God, and that he exists as a Trinity of persons: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit. Although all three persons are equal, they each have their own special role in relation to humanity.
God the Father is the creator of all things. He is eternal, without beginning or end. In the Old Testament, he revealed himself to his people Israel through prophets such as Moses. In the New Testament, he sent his Son Jesus Christ into the world to save humanity from sin.
God the Son became human in order to happen upon death and give new life those who put their trust in him. He was born of a virgin, lived a perfect life, and died on the cross in our place. On the third day he rose from the dead, proving his power over death. forty days later he ascended into heaven where he sits at God’s right hand until he returns to judge the living and the dead.
God’s Spirit fills and empowers believers for Christian service and brings them into relationship with God. The Spirit also helps us understand Scripture and Convicts us of sin. Christians believe that God is interested in every aspect of their lives and that nothing is too small or insignificant to bring to him.
In conclusion, while there are many similarities between the God of the Old Testament and the God of the New Testament, there are also some important differences. The most significant difference is that, while the God of the Old Testament is mainly angry and punitive, the God of the New Testament is primarily loving and forgiving. This change in attitude is most likely due to the fact that, in the New Testament, Jesus Christ provides humanity with a way to be forgiven for their sins. As a result, the God of the New Testament is much more forgiving than the God of the Old Testament.